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Suggested Reading and Links
Yoga Mala
Sri K Pattabhi Jois

Yoga-Mala.jpg Mala means "garland" in Sanskrit, and Yoga Mala--a "garland of yoga practice"--is Jois's distillation of Ashtanga. He first outlines the ethical principles and philosophy underlying the discipline and explains its important terms and concepts. Next he guides the reader through Ashtanga's versions of the Sun Salutation and its subsequent sequence of forty-two asanas, or poses, precisely describing how to execute each position and what benefits each provides.

http://www.amazon.com/

 


Adi Sankara’s Yoga Taravali
T K V Desikachar, Kausthub Desikachar

Yoga-Taravali.jpgThrough this poem Yoga Taravali Adi Sankara poetically and metaphorically summarizes the highest teachings of yoga. The text not only provides deep insights into the teachings of yoga, but also indicates Adi Sankara's mastery over the ancient discipline of yoga. This book is inspired by the interpretations of T Krishnamacharya, who considered Yoga Taravali one of the best poems on the message of yoga. This work includes the original text in Sanskrit with Roman transliteration and translation and commentary by TKV Desikachar, one of the most respected yoga masters of our time, and his student Kausthub Desikachar.
http://www.indiaclub.com/


Health, Healing and Beyond
T.K.V Desikachar

Healing,-Health.jpgIn this tribute to his father, world-renowned yogi Tirumalai Krishnamacharya (1888-1989), author T. K. V. Desikachar relates the late guru's philosophical thoughts and explains how yoga may be used to achieve spiritual enlightenment and optimum health.

http://www.amazon.com




Nathamuni’s Yoga Rahasya
T Krishnamacharya ,  TKV Desikachar

Yoga-Rahasya.jpgThe text "Yoga Rahasya" is one of the most important contributions from Nathamuni, a ninth century yogi. The title means "Secrets of yoga" and this wonderful masterpiece offers many deep insights into the use and applications of yoga. The text was lost for a long time until T Krishnamacharya, one of Nathamuni’s direct descendants, received the teachings of Yoga Rahasya as a young boy. This work formed an important source of reference for T Krishnamacharya’s teaching, and has touched many people directly or indirectly.

Important concepts discussed in this classical text include: Importance of yoga for women, Yoga for pregnancy, Yoga for different stages of life and Yoga as a therapeutic tool.

http://www.indiaclub.com/



The Heart of Yoga
TKV Desikachar

Heart-of-Yoga.jpgIn The Heart of Yoga, Desikachar offers a distillation of his father's system as well as his own practical approach which he describes as "a program for the spine at every level - physical, mental and spiritual." He discusses poses and counterposes, conscious breathing, meditation and philosophy and shows how the yoga student may develop a practice tailored to his or her current state of health, age, occupation and lifestyle.
     Included in this book is Desikachar's complete translation of and commentary on the Yoga Sutra of Pantanjali and thirty-two poems composed by his father that capture the essence of his teachings.

http://www.yogalifestyle.com/


Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali with Bhasvati
Hariharananda Aranya
- Published by Calcutta University Press

Hariharanada Aranya This has to be the most complete and insightful work on Patanjali yoga in English, containing as it does, the sutras, Vyasa's commentary and Swami's own further explanations which not only include his own profound insights but call on the authority of all the other important commentators on the sutras.

amazon.com



The Mahabharata

mahabharata.jpgThe Mahabharata" is some 3,500 years old and is the longest poem in any language. It is one of the founding epics of Indian culture and, with its mixture of cosmic drama and profound philosophy (one small section forms the Bhaghavad Gita) it holds a unique place in world literature. Filled with vivid characters, obsessed with the rise and fall of gods, empires and heroes,"Mahabharata" is an enormously enjoyable experience and these abridged versions are a perfect introduction to the otherwise bewildering Indian cosmology.

(R. K. Narayan)
http://www.amazon.com/
(C. Rajagopalachari) http://www.amazon.com/
PDF: http://www.gita-society.com/bhagavad-gita-section3/mahabharata.pdf



Bhagavad Gita

Bhagavad-Gita.jpghttp://www.amazon.com/ (Eknath Easwaran)
http://www.amazon.com/ (juan mascara)
http://www.amazon.com/ (swami sivananda)
http://www.amazon.com/ (S. Radhakrishnan)

PDF: http://www.bhagavad-gita.org
PDF:
http://www.bhagavad-gita.us
PDF: http://www.hinduwebsite.com/gitaindex.asp



The Ramayana: A Modern Translation

AUTHOR: Valmiki, TRANSLATOR: Ramesh Menon

Ramayana.jpgA famous and widely known ancient Indian epic by the poet Valmiki (300 B.C.) is rendered in modern prose by an Indian novelist. It tells the story of Prince Rama's betrayal and exile, and his struggle to rescue his wife Sita from the clutches of the demon Ravana and reclaim his throne.

http://www.amazon.com/

 




Tibet's Great Yogi Milarepa
W. Y. Evans-Wentz

Milarepa.jpgDespite the many sectarian differences among Tibetan Buddhists, they all unite in holding the Great Yogi Milarepa in highest reverence and esteem, considering him the prototype of a great saint. In this extraordinary biography of Milarepa, readers gain a rich and vivid perspective of the celebrated man's struggles, work, and insight. Moreover, W. Y. Evans-Wentz offers - through the lens of Milarepa's experiences and teachings - an unprecedented amount of knowledge that accompanies the ancient and universal wisdom that is Buddhism. But the story of Milarepa is not solely about religion; it also addresses the legacy that followed the death of one of the greatest religious gurus, exploring questions of lineage and legitimacy that were important in the centuries after Milarepa died.

http://www.amazon.com/Tibets-Great-Yogi-Milarepa-Jetsun-Milarepa/dp/0195133137
PDF: http://books.google.com/

 

Light on Yoga
B.K.S. Iyengar

Light-on-Yoga.jpgThis book is the magnum opus of yoga, which was first published in 1965 in English. This "bible" of yoga has been translated in many languages. It has been called the "fullest, most practical and best illustrated book on the subject" with more than 600 illustrations. It starts with the explanation on "What is Yoga?" and then the intricate details on how to perform more than 200 postures. It also introduces pranayamas, bandhas and kriyas.

 http://www.amazon.com/Light-Yoga-Bible-Modern-Yoga/dp/0805210318


The Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace
N. E. Sjoman
 
Yoga...Mysore.jpegThis book traces the developmental years of the Ashtanga Yoga tradition of K. Pattabhi Jois as well as the Iyengar system through exploration of the early years at the Mysore Palace. It also depicts an ancient text called: SRITATTVANIDHI. It is recommended for anyone wishing to understand more about the formative years of two of the worlds most popular and dynamic teachers: K. Pattabhi Jois and BKS Iyengar as well as their teacher: Krishnamacharya of Mysore.

http://www.amazon.com/Yoga-Tradition-Mysore-Palace/dp/8170173892

PDF: http://books.google.com/


Awakening the Spine
Vanda Scaravelli

Awakening...Spine.jpgAccording to Vanda Scaravelli, author of Awakening the Spine, "we have lost contact with our bodies, and re-establishing this connection is what we try to do. The body should respond immediately to the requests of the mind. The less the gap between the two, the more efficient the action will be."
Scaravelli, in her beautifully illustrated book dedicated to B.K.S. Iyengar, her first Yoga teacher, makes these suggestions for developing respect for our bodies.


Brahma Sutras

Brahma-Sutra.jpgThe Brahma Sutras along with the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita form the triple canon - the Prasthana trays - of the spiritual tradition of India. A study of Shankaracharya's great commentaries on them is indispensable for all students of Vedanta.

commentary by Sankaracarya, Swami Gambhirananda (Translator)
http://www.amazon.com/

PDF: http://www.geocities.com/advaitavedant/brahmasutras2.htm
PDF: http://www.swami-krishnananda.org/




Vivekacudamani
Adi Sankaracharya

Viveka.jpgAdvaita Vedanta is one of the most important and widely studied schools of thought in Hindu philosophy and the Vivekacudamani is one of the most important texts in the Advaita tradition and the most popular philosophical work ascribed to the great Indian philosopher, Sankaracharya. Sankara (c. 650-700) is considered to be a giant among giants and probably the most venerated philosopher in India's long history. There is also a great deal about yoga in this book.

(Swami Madhavananda) http://www.exoticindiaart.com/
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/193140608
(John Grimes) http://www.vedicbooks.net/

Online Vivekacudamani I II III IV V VI



Aparokshanubhuti
Shankaracharya

Aparokshanubhuti is one of the most important works of Shankaracharya on Advaita philosophy. The central theme of the book is the identity of the individual self and Universal self. This identity is realized through the removal of the ignorance that hides the truth, by the light of Vichara or enquiry alone. To those who have neither the time nor the opportunity to go through the classical works of Shankara, this book will be an invaluable guide in their quest after spiritual truth.

http://www.exoticindiaart.com/ (Swami Vimuktananda)

Aparokshanubhuti Online


Atma-Bodha of Bhagawan Sri Sankaracharya
Swami Chinmayananda (translation)

Vedanta is the science of life. It explains the art of living. The golden key, by which the scriptures are opened and its divine knowledge brought out, is found in the books like "Atma-Bodh," which explain exhaustively the categories of Vedanta. Such books are called the Prakarana-books. This book introduces the theme of the Vedanta for the infants in the spiritual world.

http://www.amazon.com/


Siva Samhita
Srisa Chandra Vasu (Editor, Translator), Rai Bahadur Srisa Chandra Vasu (Translator)

Siva-Samhita.jpgIn Hindu mythology, Shiva is also known as the god of asceticism, and as such is called Mahayogi, or "great yogi". This book consists of an ancient collection of texts or verses, which elaborate the essentials necessary for the practice of yoga. This work has been translated into English, while preserving the original Sanskrit text.

http://www.amazon.com/Siva-Samhita-Srisa-Chandra-Vasu/dp/8121505070

 

 

Gheranda Samhita
Gheranda

Gheranda-Samhita.jpgHatha yoga is one of the most important forms of yoga. It is a system of physical exercises designed to increase bodily purification, strength and health. The Tantrik Sanskrit text Gheranda Samhita comprising 350 verses is in a dialogue form between the sage Gheranda and an inquirer.
http://www.amazon.com/
(James Mallinson)
http://www.exoticindiaart.com/book/details/IDH081
(by Rai Bahadur Srisa Chandra Vasu Edited with a Foreword & Notes by J. L. Gupta)

Gheranda Samhita Online



Hatha Yoga Pradipika
Swami Swatmarama

Hatha-Yoga-Pradipika.jpgHatha Yoga Pradipika is a classic Sanskrit manual on Hatha Yoga, written by Swami Swatmarama, a disciple of Swami Goraknath. Said to be the oldest surviving text on the Hatha Yoga, it is one of the three classic texts of Hatha Yoga, the other two being the Gheranda Samhita and the Shiva Samhita.
The book was written in 15th century CE. The work is derived from older Sanskrit texts and Swami Swatamarama's own yogic experiences. Many modern English translations of the book are available.
The book includes information about asanas, pranayama, chakras, kundalini, bandhas, kriyas, shakti, nadis and mudras among other topics. It runs in the line of Hindu yoga (to distinguish from Buddhist and Jain yoga) and is dedicated to Lord Adinath, a name for Lord Shiva (the Hindu god of destruction and renewal), who is alleged to have imparted the secret of Hatha Yoga to his divine consort Parvati.

(Yogi Hari)
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/1577770528
(Brian Dana Akers) 
http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0971646619

Hatha Yoga Pradipika Online

 

The Yoga of Light
Hans-Ulrich Rieker and Elys Becherer

Yoga-of-Light.jpgThis is one of the most lively, accessible, and useful editions of the great ancient classic Hatha Yoga Pradipika. Translated by a modern Western Yogi, with an excellent commentary by the author, this book will help anyone understand the true process and purpose of Hatha Yoga.
http://www.amazon.com/

 




The Integrity of the Yoga Darsana: A Reconsideration of Classical Yoga
Ian Whicher

Integrity-Yoga-Darsana.jpgThis innovative reading of Patanjali's Yoga-sutras discuss how Yoga enables one to live more fully in the world without being enslaved by worldly identification. It challenges misperception about Yoga and argues for a fresh understanding of the practical relevance of Yoga.
http://www.amazon.com/
PDF: http://books.google.com

 



Yoga-Sutras of Patanjali With the Exposition of Vyasa: A Translation and Commentary of the Samadhi-Pada
Usharbudh Arya

The volume one of the Commentary on Yoga-sutras of Patanjali (Samadhi-pada) was published in 1984. It was highly acclaimed as a work or rare authenticity, based on thirteen Sanskrit commentaries, synthesized and studied in the light of the oral tradition and direct personal experience in the master-disciple lineage of the yogis. The author is of the opinion that without such personal experience much of the terminology of the Yoga-sutras would remain obscure and any explanation of purely scholastic grounds would be incomplete.

The value of the present volume on the Sadhana-pada is further enhanced by adding the study of even more published Sanskrit commentaries as well as unpublished manuscripts. Seven lengthy appendices add to the value of the work as the material presented in these appendices can be further researched and enhanced to form into independent theses. The author makes certain that the works of the previous commentators be examined in the light of how the Sutras are taught in the Himalayan caves among those who Practice the various methods and are initiated into them.

http://www.amazon.com/



The Yoga-darshana: Comprising the Sutras of Patangali with the Bhasya of Vyasa
Ganganatha Jha

Yoga-Darsana.jpgThe Yoga-Darshana includes the Yoga-sutras of Pantanjali and the ancient commentary thereon by Vyasa. The Yoga-sutras of Pantanjali are the classic formulation of the science of meditation. This science is called raja-yoga, the kingly yoga. Because through it one learns to rule one's own mind. Human psychology is analyzed from this standpoint and the resulting system of meditation is delineated, all in 195 terse sutras (threads of thought).

Ganganatha Jha was the one who sent Krishnamacharya to find his guru Ramana Mohan Brahmachari.
 http://www.amazon.com/
PDF: http://books.google.com/



The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
Chip Hartranft

Chip-Hartranft.jpgIn just 196 short aphorisms, this classic work of Indian philosophy spells out succinctly how the mind works, and how it is possible to use the mind to attain liberation. Compiled in the second or third century C.E., the Yoga Sutra is a road map of human consciousness and a particularly helpful guide to the mind states one encounters in meditation, yoga, and other spiritual practices. It expresses the truths of the human condition with great eloquence: How we know what we know, why we suffer, and how we can discover the way out of suffering. Chip Hartranft’s fresh translation and extesive, lucid commentary bring the text beautifully to life. He also provides useful auxiliary materials, including an afterword on the legacy of the Yoga-Sutra and its relevance for us today.

http://www.amazon.com/
PDF: http://www.arlingtoncenter.org/Sanskrit-English.pdf



The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali (With the Exposition of Vyasa) (Volume II. Sadhana Pada)
Swami Veda Bharati

Swami-Veda-Bharati.jpgThe volume one of the Commentary on Yoga-sutras of Patanjali (Samadhi-pada) was published in 1984. It was highly acclaimed as a work or rare authenticity, based on thirteen Sanskrit commentaries, synthesized and studied in the light of the oral tradition and direct personal experience in the master-disciple lineage of the yogis. The author is of the opinion that without such personal experience much of the terminology of the Yoga-sutras would remain obscure and any explanation of purely scholastic grounds would be incomplete.
The value of the present volume on the Sadhana-pada is further enhanced by adding the study of even more published Sanskrit commentaries as well as unpublished manuscripts. Seven lengthy appendices add to the value of the work as the material presented in these appendices can be further researched and enhanced to form into independent theses. The author makes certain that the works of the previous commentators be examined in the light of how the Sutras are taught in the Himalayan caves among those who Practice the various methods and are initiated into them.
http://www.amazon.com/Yoga-Sutras-Patanjali-Exposition-Vyasa/dp/8120818253


Other

Iyer - Patanjali Yoga Sutras

Raja Yoga - By Sri Swami Sivananda

Iyer on Samkhya

 

Kathopanishad

Online Sanskrit Dictionary

Sanskrit Studies

Sanskrit Texts